Jallianwala Bagh Memorial

Jallianwala Bagh Memorial is a public garden in Amritsar that is memorial to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

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The memorial was established in 1951 to commemorate the massacre.

On Sunday 13 April 1919 the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer opened fire on thousands that had gathered peacefully in the Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi, an annual Sikh festival.

Visitors will enter the garden through a narrow lane, which would have been the only way to escape but was blocked by Dyer’s men.

The bullet ridden walls have been preserved as a reminder of the tragedy. There is also the Martyr’s Well, which many people jumped into to avoid the bullets. Around 120 bodies were recovered from the well.

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The spot from where General Dyer’s troops opened fire

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Bullet marks

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Martyrs’ Well

As well as the preserved bullet marked walls and the well there are several monuments within and outside the garden.

The centrepiece of the garden is the Flame of Liberty, a 30ft four-sided red stone pillar in the shape of a flame. The Flame of Liberty was inaugurated on 13 April 1961 by Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of India.

Amar Jyoti, which translates as ‘timeless light’, is an eternal flame, that burns 24 hours a day.

Outside the entrance to Jallianwala Bagh is an elegant white marble statue that is also in the shape of a flame.

The 6.5 acre garden is located within the Golden Temple complex, and is a short walk from the Golden Temple.

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Flame of Liberty

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Amar Jyoti

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